The History of Battery Electric Vehicles

Battery Electric Vehicles or BEVs, predated the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. It was between 1832-1839 that Robert Anderson, a Scottish businessman, invented the first electric carriage and Professor Sibrandus Stratingh from the Netherlands designed the first small-scale electric car which was built by his assistant Christopher Becker in 1835.

The storage battery improved, firstly by Gaston Planté, a French physicist who invented the lead acid cell in 1859 and the first rechargeable battery. Then, in 1881, Camille Faure developed a more efficient and reliable battery which became so successful in the early electric cars. This discovery caused battery electric vehicles to flourish, with France and Great Britain being the first nations to support widespread development of electric vehicles.

Prior to 1900, battery electric vehicles held many speed and distance records, the most notable of which, was the breaking of the 100 km/h (60 mph) speed barrier. It was by Camille Jenatzy on April 29, 1899 in a rocket-shaped vehicle named Jamais Contente (Never Happy) which reached a top speed of 105.88 km/h (65.79 mph).

During the early 20th Century, battery electric vehicles outsold gasoline powered vehicles and were successfully sold as town cars to upper-class customers. Because of technological limitations, these cars were limited to a top speed of about 32 km/h (20 mph). The cars were marketed as “suitable vehicles for women drivers”. Electric vehicles did not need hand-cranking to start.

One of the downfalls of the battery electric vehicle was the introduction of the electric starter in 1913. It simplified the task of starting an internal combustion engine which was previously difficult and dangerous to start with the crank handle. Another was the mass-produced and relatively cheap Ford Model-T. Finally, the loss of Edisons direct current electric power transmission system. He was battling with George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla over their desire to introduce alternating current as the principal electricity distribution. Edison’s direct current was the load for electric motors.

Battery electric vehicles were limited to niche applications. Forklift trucks were battery electric vehicles when introduced in 1923. BEV golf carts which were used as neighborhood electric vehicles and were partially “street legal”. By the late 1930s, the electric automobile industry had disappeared until the invention of the point contact transistor in 1947 which started a new era of electric vehicle.

In 1959 the Henney Kilowatt was introduced and was the world’s first modern transistor-regulated electric car and the predecessor to the more recent battery electric vehicles such as General Motors EV1. Only 47 Henney Kilowatts were produced, 24 being sold as 1959 models and 8 as 1960 models. It is not clear what happened to the other 15 built but it could be possible that they were sold as 1961 or 1962 models. None of the 8 1960 models were sold to the public because of the high manufacturing costs, but were sold to the electric cooperatives who funded the project.

It is estimated that there are between four and eight Henney Kilowatt battery electric vehicles still in existence with at least two of the survivors still driven periodically.

Battery electric vehicles have had issues with high battery costs, with limited travel distances, with charging time and the lifespan of the battery, although advancements in battery technology has addressed many of those problems.

At the present time, controversy reigns over battery electric vehicles. Campaigners, (et al) for BEV’s are accusing three major US automobile manufacturers of deliberately sabotaging BEV efforts through several methods, for instance, failing to market, failing to produce appropriate vehicles, by failing to satisfy demand and using lease-only programs with prohibitions against end of lease purchase.

In their defense, the three major manufacturers they have responded that they only make what the public want and the current trend is that the public doesn’t want battery electric vehicles.

Although we have the technology to manufacture and provide BEVs, one of the biggest downfalls for the prolific production of BEVs is the extortionate cost of replacement batteries. In some cases the cost of replacement batteries can be more than the price of the whole vehicle, especially when buying used battery electric vehicles.

Electric Vehicle Conversion – Not Much Fun If Your Brakes Fail on You!

You can use almost any vehicle for your EV Conversion, but there are a couple of factors to consider when you are making your choice for a vehicle to use in a electric vehicle conversion.

The first consideration is whether the vehicle you wish to use has the capacity to carry the batteries which you need to drive your electric vehicle. There are two factors to consider here.

Firstly will the vehicle’s suspension be able to carry the weight of the batteries which you need to drive your vehicle. This situation can be worked around with the use of a different type of battery, however this is going to depend largely on your budget, as batteries with a higher energy density will almost certainly cost more. There are ways around that problem too though! The second issue is the problem of whether the batteries will fit into the space which you have available. In order to get the range and acceleration which you require from your electric vehicle, you will generally need about 20 12 volt lead acid batteries, there must be adequate space within the vehicle to store these batteries safely.

For the above reasons, light trucks are often the best choice for an electric vehicle conversion although strong light sedans can also be very successfully converted.

Secondly, you need to consider whether the vehicles braking system will be able to handle the additional weight added by the weight of the batteries. This is an important consideration as your safety and that of your family could be at stake if the brakes fail at a crucial time. The first thing to do to is to calculate the net weight difference once you have placed your battery set in your vehicle. To do this you need to know how many batteries you are using and what each one weighs, the supplier will be able to give you an average weight. When you know what the batteries and the motor weigh in total you can subtract the weight of all the old gas components from this weight to get a net weight, remember to add weight for a full tank of gas and with the radiator full. When you subtract the gas vehicle component’s weight from the motor and battery’s weight you have the net weight increase and can then determine what effect the additional weight will have on the braking system. If the additional weight is substantial, possibly over 500 pounds, then it may be advisable to consult a brake specialist in order to ensure that your brakes function properly when you need them to!

Two important considerations when putting together your electric vehicle conversion, the suspension capacity and the braking system. These two systems determine the comfort of your EV ride and the safety with which you can take that ride.

Cheap Used Cars For Sale, Online Blue Book

As I am writing this article, my hopes are that it would change the way some of the readers approach the used car market. My intention is to briefly discuss the notions of cheap used cars, for sale online, bluebook. Each issue is to be discussed individually, then I will summarize by the way you can put the three issues, or terms to work for your benefit.

As I always stress, buying a used car is only done every couple of years or so. Therefore, with minimal time, and effort you can accomplish results, which will ultimately save you money. Based on your research, you would be prepared to take a better final decision. If you are on a tight budget, it doesn’t hurt to buy a car that is cheap, that’s what some people like to call it. However, this should not be misinterpreted, because you should differentiate between bad and cheap. You must realize that not every cheap car would cost a fortune to maintain aka bad, and that not every bad car is a cheap car. That is why I don’t suggest that you enter the market looking for a cheap car; rather you should have the intention of buying an affordable car, one that would fit your budget.

Now that I covered the term cheap used cars for sale, online, blue book are next. If someone is willing to spend money to sell their car, then the odds are that they took good care of their car over the ownership period. On the other side, if an individual is not willing to pay the small listing fee to advertise their car, then, I would leave the perception of the way they maintained their car on you. But please, don’t justify the fact, with the power f the internet and auto trader, sellers can now list their cars till sold, costing not much more than an oil change.

Blue book experts has been around for over 75 years, this allowed them to master the process of appraising car values, and for this exact reason a number of banks in the united states use it to determine the value of car loans. I will dedicate an entire section on my website to guide you through using the different value indicators, and prove to you the importance of such books, and guides.

To conclude, the title Cheap used cars for sale online blue book is a misleading or maybe confusing article title. On the other hand, when you are on a tight budget the process should be a converse of the title Cheap used cars for sale online blue book.

Visit my website if you are looking for cheap used cars for sale online blue book

Finding Used Cars For Sale

Finding used cars for sale is a difficult task sometimes. There is always someone around every corner waiting to rip you off in any way that they can. You will want to have all of the information that you can possibly get when you are looking for your next used car.

The first thing you should know about finding a used cars is that you are buying someone’s problem. Most of the time people do not sell a car because there is nothing wrong with it. It does happen sometimes, but not very often. People don’t just wake up and decide that they are going to sell the car one day. It is for this reason that I suggest going to a used car lot, or any car lot for that matter.

Car lots have plenty of used cars for sale, and finding the right one does not have to be a dreadful task. Neither does getting a real good deal. One of the first things you should know is: all prices on used cars are negotiable.

A lot of car lots will have the prices marked somewhere on the car, but that is just the starting price. If the car dealer really wants to make a sale they will be willing to negotiate with you on a price that you are looking to pay. If they are not willing to negotiate with you then I suggest moving on to the next used car lot and see what you can do there.

Finding used cars for sale is not a difficult thing to do-THEY’RE EVERYWHERE! Just make sure that you are educated on the car that you are looking for. Get all of the information that you can and you will save a ton of money on your next car purchase.