The History of Battery Electric Vehicles

Battery Electric Vehicles or BEVs, predated the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. It was between 1832-1839 that Robert Anderson, a Scottish businessman, invented the first electric carriage and Professor Sibrandus Stratingh from the Netherlands designed the first small-scale electric car which was built by his assistant Christopher Becker in 1835.

The storage battery improved, firstly by Gaston Planté, a French physicist who invented the lead acid cell in 1859 and the first rechargeable battery. Then, in 1881, Camille Faure developed a more efficient and reliable battery which became so successful in the early electric cars. This discovery caused battery electric vehicles to flourish, with France and Great Britain being the first nations to support widespread development of electric vehicles.

Prior to 1900, battery electric vehicles held many speed and distance records, the most notable of which, was the breaking of the 100 km/h (60 mph) speed barrier. It was by Camille Jenatzy on April 29, 1899 in a rocket-shaped vehicle named Jamais Contente (Never Happy) which reached a top speed of 105.88 km/h (65.79 mph).

During the early 20th Century, battery electric vehicles outsold gasoline powered vehicles and were successfully sold as town cars to upper-class customers. Because of technological limitations, these cars were limited to a top speed of about 32 km/h (20 mph). The cars were marketed as “suitable vehicles for women drivers”. Electric vehicles did not need hand-cranking to start.

One of the downfalls of the battery electric vehicle was the introduction of the electric starter in 1913. It simplified the task of starting an internal combustion engine which was previously difficult and dangerous to start with the crank handle. Another was the mass-produced and relatively cheap Ford Model-T. Finally, the loss of Edisons direct current electric power transmission system. He was battling with George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla over their desire to introduce alternating current as the principal electricity distribution. Edison’s direct current was the load for electric motors.

Battery electric vehicles were limited to niche applications. Forklift trucks were battery electric vehicles when introduced in 1923. BEV golf carts which were used as neighborhood electric vehicles and were partially “street legal”. By the late 1930s, the electric automobile industry had disappeared until the invention of the point contact transistor in 1947 which started a new era of electric vehicle.

In 1959 the Henney Kilowatt was introduced and was the world’s first modern transistor-regulated electric car and the predecessor to the more recent battery electric vehicles such as General Motors EV1. Only 47 Henney Kilowatts were produced, 24 being sold as 1959 models and 8 as 1960 models. It is not clear what happened to the other 15 built but it could be possible that they were sold as 1961 or 1962 models. None of the 8 1960 models were sold to the public because of the high manufacturing costs, but were sold to the electric cooperatives who funded the project.

It is estimated that there are between four and eight Henney Kilowatt battery electric vehicles still in existence with at least two of the survivors still driven periodically.

Battery electric vehicles have had issues with high battery costs, with limited travel distances, with charging time and the lifespan of the battery, although advancements in battery technology has addressed many of those problems.

At the present time, controversy reigns over battery electric vehicles. Campaigners, (et al) for BEV’s are accusing three major US automobile manufacturers of deliberately sabotaging BEV efforts through several methods, for instance, failing to market, failing to produce appropriate vehicles, by failing to satisfy demand and using lease-only programs with prohibitions against end of lease purchase.

In their defense, the three major manufacturers they have responded that they only make what the public want and the current trend is that the public doesn’t want battery electric vehicles.

Although we have the technology to manufacture and provide BEVs, one of the biggest downfalls for the prolific production of BEVs is the extortionate cost of replacement batteries. In some cases the cost of replacement batteries can be more than the price of the whole vehicle, especially when buying used battery electric vehicles.

Seized Cars – Best Option When Buying Used Cars For Sale

Buying a car is a dream for many. Those who don’t have budget to accommodate the prices of new cars can buy used one. Purchasing pre-owned cars has got its own advantages and disadvantages too. After you have come to a decision to purchase these pre-owned cars, you need to be smart and careful in purchasing the best available ones. Purchasing used one is not as easy as purchasing new one, but has more hurdles. One needs to ensure that they are buying the best among the available ones, so that they don’t regret at the end.

For those who have decided to purchase used cars for sale, can go with the option of buying seized cars. Cars that are seized by police at different locations and on different reasons will be sold officially after a minimum period of time. After seizing the cars, owners of those will come and recover their respective vehicles. But in some cases, few cars will be left over because of many reasons. These cars are difficult to store and hence authorities will be selling them off at lower prices. Nowadays authorities are using web technologies for selling off these seized cars. Government websites are the best places to find and buy seized cars. When you search ‘find seized cars’ you can get lot of results, and of them the first one would most probably the government site which is the place for finding such cars. You can include the name of your locality to get refined search results. This government site will provide links to the sites where online auctions for seized cars will be held. Prospective buyers are provided with the option of buying either online or offline. These auction websites are designed in a user friendly manner and are very much convenient to browse. They provide easy navigation options and the best part of these sites is that users can easily go through the lists of hundreds and thousands of used cars for sale. Within just few clicks, users can have a glance at hundreds of cars that are being auctioned on the site. Online auction websites for buying used cars are many in number, and each of them will provide information of hundreds of used cars available for sale. Those who are going to buy used cars can have lot of scope to search for their desired one on these wide ranges of auction websites.

Best part of buying used one through online auction websites is that they are offered at much lower prices. There will be drastic difference between the prices of used cars online and used cars in the second hand vehicle market. If the buyer searches all the auction websites he will have more number of chances to find even their dream car model in the list of used cars for sale. Most of these auction websites are free to use, particularly the government auction websites. But few private websites charge some fees, and this will not be a hurdle when you are searching to find your dream car.

There are so many of good websites who helps regarding used cars for sale. They are the experts in providing detailed information of used cars for sale and buying seized cars at best price.

Used Cars For Sale Will Help You Save Money in the Recession

The used car market in previous years boomed when a recession came and many people I know who are second hand car dealers made their most money in the recession so this recession is no different and the used car market I think is going to boom again. You see the less money people have the more they try and budget and with a newer modern car a lot of the servicing has to be done by the dealer or a qualified mechanic now when there is little money around and people are worried about losing their house, spending £300 on a service is just not an option and so they are going to look towards an older more home mechanic friendly car.

With older cars, changing the oil and the plugs is generally a simple task and can be done by most people and especially as there is a Haynes manual for almost every single car produced so doing the normal servicing tasks is a simple step by step job.

SO when looking for a used car for sale you need to establish what your budget is and how much you are willing to spend. I can’t help you with this is something only you can think about. However you can pick up some cracking used cars for around £1000 but then this is only after a quick look. If you are going to spend any more than three grand then I would probably go take a look at a dealer.

The other thing to consider when on the search for used cars for sale is to see how much parts are as a rule French cars generally have more expensive parts and the reliability is about average I have found with my experience they are reliable but when they go wrong they are expensive. German cars are good in the sense that the reliability is great and they tend to be over engineered but the parts are a little expensive I would say that they are more reliable than a French car.

Japanese cars are always reliable anything like Toyota or Nissan you can’t really go wrong the parts are a little expensive but there is a lot of UK Japanese breakers yards around so that is always an option. Now if you are on a really tight budget you can’t go wrong with a Ford or a Vauxhall these two car manufacturers have good cheap after market parts they are a doddle to work on and you can pick them up mega cheap.

A used car for sale is still something that should be taken seriously and if you have a friend that is slightly mechanically minded take them a long to view the car as they will be able to spot anything that is out of the ordinary failing that then give the AA a call or the RAC as they often do a service where they will view a car with you and give you the best advice they can whether it is a good buy or a sack of spanners.

However no one no matter what they say can see the future so you need to take that on the chin it may cost a bit of money if something goes wrong but that is life however in the current financial climate you can only do what you can do.

Battery Electric Vehicles

Cars are one of the most commonly used vehicles for commuting and since the origin of the automobiles, there have been various innovations in terms of types and kinds of cars. One of the earliest among these characteristic kinds was the electric cars or EV, also known as the battery electric vehicle or BEV which emerged in the 19th century. Unlike the hybrid vehicles which perform with the aid of both internal combustion engines as well as electric motors, the electric cars make use of motor controllers and electric motors and function by means of the chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. With the progress of time and advancement of technology, one of the adverse effects that hit human civilization was the ill-effects of pollution.

Under such circumstances, it must be pointed out that battery electric vehicles more often make use of renewable sources of energy and therefore they do not emit exhaust fumes and minimize the risks of environmental pollution. These electric vehicles do not produce toxic smoke and are mostly soundless and are also capable of producing more acceleration compared to the conventional vehicles. The different variants of the battery electric vehicle include golf carts, electric scooters motorcycles, light trucks and because of their low dependence on the use of petroleum, it is possible to constrict the harmful effects of global warming as well. The most important constituent of the battery electric vehicles are their batteries and in mot circumstances, the prices of the batteries determine the expense to be incurred by the owner on the vehicle. However, they are still considered to be cheaper compared to the conventional vehicles and while the initial battery prices may seem high, the overall maintenance cost is not that expensive.

There are several reasons why the battery electric vehicles are more often a preferred option among enthusiasts. The fluctuation of rising fuel prices does not affect it and they are also successful in restraining vehicle energy costs by almost 90%. The source of electricity in ca battery electric vehicle may be obtained form hydro power, solar power, wind energy or nuclear power which ascertains the non-emission of carbon fumes which can cause harm to the environment. Batteries need to be recharged after stipulated priors of time and those costs are not so high and remain more or less constant compared to the inconsistency of fuel prices.

However, it is to be kept in mind that unless renewable sources of energy are used, electric vehicles cannot check carbon emissions and the batteries too require frequent replacement.